Monday, July 23, 2012

Quick Lesson: Types of word in English

Did you know that all English words can be categorised into eight different types? So whether you are ordering a beer in London or writing a letter to a friend in Oxford, the words you use will be one of the types in this table!

type of word function or "job" example words example sentences
Verb action word, when something is happening or being (to) be, have, do, like, work, sing, can, fly is a web site. I like
Noun thing or person foot, dog, work, music, town, London, friend, Joe This is my hair. It lives on my head. We live in London.
Adjective describes a noun a/an, the, two, more, good, big, small, well, interesting I have two dogs. My dogs are big. I like big dogs.
Adverb describes a verb, adjective or adverb quickly, silently, badly, very, really, slowly My hair grows quickly. When it is very long, it dries really slowly.
Pronoun replaces a noun I, you, he, she, some Emma is English. She is funny. I like her.
Preposition links a noun to another word to, at, after, on, but After my English lesson on Monday I felt more confident speaking to people.
Conjunction joins clauses or sentences or words and, but, when I like Emma and I like Maria. I like Emma and Maria. I like Maria but I don't like Emma.
Interjection short exclamation, sometimes inserted into a sentence oh!, ouch!, hi!, well Ouch! That hurts! Hi! How are you? Well, I don't know.

Which of these types do you think you use most when you are speaking? Is there a particular type of English word you find most difficult to understand? We would love to hear from you in the comments section!